Are you a victim of hyper-pigmentation just like me and many others? A very common skin complaint that is usually harmless. Hyper-pigmentation are pesky skin spots or patches that appear darker in complexion/tone than its surrounding skin. Patches vary in appearance and can be very tiny, faint or highly pronounced. Nonetheless, they are an eye sore and can make you feel quite self-conscious.
Hyper-pigmentation is a result of increased melanin production, whether thats caused from excessive sun exposure, recent inflammation (acne, trauma or burns) or hormonal changes.
So how do I deal with these pesky skin spots?
Just like many skin concerns, prevention is usually easier than treatment. What can you do to prevent hyper-pigmentation? SUNSCREEN! Adequate sun protection is a vital step in preventing those pesky patches. Adequate doesn't mean applying a generous amount before leaving the house but rather reapplying every few hours. Your best bet will be to use a broad-spectrum or physical sunscreen.
Ways to treat Hyper-pigmentation
- Topical Vitamin C (or its derivatives) - Vitamin C (L’ascorbic) can interfere with melanin production and help fight off free radicals. A super popular Korean skincare product 'Klairs Freshly Juiced Vitamin Drops' is a great product to start with. It has a concentration of 5%, making it gentle for most skin types.
- Niacinamide - A wonderful ingredient that does so much for the skin. From strengthening the skin barrier, locking in moisture, keeping skin firm, reducing inflammation and lightening dark spots with consistent use.
Krave Great Barrier Relief is made from skin loving ingredients to soothe breakouts, irritations, compromised skin barriers, or maybe even a broken heart. It can also be used on hands, acne and even as a moisturiser.
Try using Yuja Niacin 30 Days Brightening Starter Kit to combat hyper-pigmentation. It's formulated with 5% niacinamide and 90% citrus fruit extracts to rejuvenate irritated skin and lock in moisture.
- Retinoids - Great for improving skin texture, appearances of fine lines, wrinkles and hyper-pigmentation.
- Hydroquinone - An effective skin lightening agent. You can find up to 2% of hydroquinone over the counter. There are rare risks associated to prolonged use of hydroquinone. I would suggest speaking to a physician before introducing it to your routine.
- AHA (Alpha hydroxy acids) - AHA's are effective exfoliants used to shed the top layer of skin, allowing for new skin to resurface.
- Chemical Peels - Uses acids at a higher concentration to treat the troubled area. Peels can reduce the appearances of hyper-pigmentation by removing the top layer of skin. Some peels can penetrate a little further and produce more drastic results. My favourite is a skin juice peel, performed by a local aesthetician. They are 100% natural and derived from fruits and vegetables.